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Dissemination and Social Diffusion (DSD)

NIF has a large database of over 200,000 ideas, innovations and traditional knowledge, including proprietary, open source and common public knowledge. While the percentage of proprietary traditional knowledge (individual or community) and innovations where NIF has filed patents in the names of the individuals or communities is quite low, much knowledge is available (common or open source), which can be disseminated without any IP considerations. Social diffusion in NIF's case may be differentiated by the commonly understood usage of social diffusion as the study of diffusion of ideas and innovations in the society. Many innovations available with NIF may not have the potential of widespread commercialization but can enhance social wealth, improve people's lifestyles and facilitate sustainable alternatives for development. Such technologies are called open source technologies, which anybody can adopt as per his/her need without any payment. In many cases, innovators have also generously declared their innovations open source so that society at large can benefit from them. NIF has also operationalised Grassroots Technological Innovations Acquisition Fund (GTIAF) wherein it intends to acquire rights of useful grassroots technologies from innovators after paying an upfront fee and disseminate/diffuse it at low cost or no cost to other innovators, fabricators, farmers or entrepreneurs across the country for societal good. The Dissemination and Social Diffusion (DSD) department works in close coordination with the S&D and IT departments. The specific tasks undertaken to further dissemination activities include coordination of publication activities of NIF online as well as in print and developing content for newsletters, books, compendiums, posters, CDs, kiosks, websites etc. NIF also participates in workshops, seminars, exhibitions and various events like India International Trade Fair, Indian Science Congress for the purpose. It also facilitates demonstration of technologies for their possible uptake by relevant stake holders. Establishing linkages with other institutions and networks for dissemination is also one of the important activities of NIF.

Dissemination Modes

There are three types of dissemination :
  1. Social
  2. Commercial
  3. Socio-commercial
Social Diffusion :
The innovations under social diffusion are those which may not have the potential of widespread commercialization but can enhance social wealth, improve people's lifestyles and facilitate sustainable alternatives for development. We call them open source technologies. Anybody can adopt them as per his /her need without any payment.
Parameters to be studied :

Understanding of the Innovation : Basic understanding of the innovation, which includes the technological need-gap that led to the innovation, benefits (tangible and intangible) and its econometrics.

Stakeholder analysis : identify stakeholders at micro and macro level drawing inter and intra sectoral linkage.
Fundability : the potential for the venture to receive financial support from funding agencies / investors.
Social Return on Investment : the venture's potential to meet its social goals and social impact.
Integration of the Venture's Social and Financial Missions: the alignment of the financial and social goals of the venture, nonprofit organization and funding agency.
Replicability in other geographical area: the holistic approach adopted in the projects for replicability in other geographical area.
Cost of diffusion – Many times the cost of diffusion is much higher than the cost of product itself.
Sustainability of diffusion - closer farmer - scientists - extension worker interactions to keep communication alive; local adaptation or incorporation of local materials to make external technology easily replicable; etc. Innovations under Social Diffusion (Free Technologies) :
Commercial Diffusion :

In part execution of the mandate of National Innovation Foundation of generating wealth for the grassroots innovator and practitioners of tradition knowledge the Business development section facilitate incubation of green grassroots innovation and example of traditional knowledge, in the process generating wealth for the innovator, practitioners of tradition knowledge and supply change stakeholders. It covers five sets of activities mainly positioning of grassroots innovation and example of traditional knowledge across application domains, scouting entrepreneurs, selling business opportunities, providing hand holding support to new enterprise when it is most susceptible to various market risk and facilitation diffusion of socially relevant technologies.

Details can be accessed at

Socio-Commercial Diffusion :
These are technologies which have high social impact but limited diffusion potential through commercial channels.
Examples :
Low cost check dam -
Low cost crematorium -
There are some more technologies which have a mass potential and for which viable business model exist. eg. Low cost modification kit for treadle presses, which can help marginal owners of obsolete letter presses become competitive against press owners having conventional high cost computerised printing technologies
a.National & International Seminars to promote advocacy for the usage of these sustainable and low cost technologies and traditional knowledge
b.Increasing frequency and scale in affiliated programmes of the print and electronic media. Special emphasis for diffusion via ‘All India Radio’, which has got the widest coverage even in the remotest part of the country
c.Widespread decentralized demonstration of technologies and large scale on farm trials of promising agriculture related innovations
d.Road shows to showcase promising technologies and to get feedback of potential users/customers. These feedbacks can be used for identifying and improving features to find the best user fit for the technologies
e.Food and Herbal Festival to increase awareness. These festivals will be mainly conducted with network partner SRISTI, Ahmedabad
f. Diffusion through women Self Help Groups (SHGs) in active collaboration with Honey Bee network partners viz. SEVA, Madurai, PDS, Kerala, CCD, Tamil Nadu, Sristi Kendra, Orissa, Prithvi, Karnataka etc. and other diffusion clubs
g.Challenge Competitions so that people from all walks of life can offer various propositions for alleviating the disadvantages at the grassroots or vice versa
h.A subsidy scheme for percolation of technologies to marginal users, who could not otherwise afford the technology, but who can really benefit by usage of the technologies for economic gains


Expanding the public domain: Many technologies may take long time to blossom into products or services. In some cases, they may not have much future impact, except in the specific context in which they originated, unless they are blended with other technologies from the formal or informal sectors. Some technologies may not have much commercial potential at all, but be open to social diffusion. The GTIAF addresses such needs. NIF acquires the rights to such technologies, which are then licensed at low or no cost to small entrepreneurs. Some of these technologies enter the public domain and are transmitted to communities whose members make use of them. The idea here is that the state and not innovators should subsidize society. Though NIF acquires the rights to a given technology, innovators still retain their right to use their innovations in any way they want at their level. If the NIF is able to license it to third party for a higher sum or generate more revenue, these funds are shared with the innovators even though they have licensed the rights. Volunteers can contribute to pooling technologies to generate value-added products, use social media to create wider awareness and translate non-monetary practices into local languages. NIF organised two GTIAF meetings in February and March 2012 inviting different innovators and farmers to explain them the purpose of the fund, rights, and the duties and obligations of both NIF and the innovators. Subsequently, the innovators willing to hand over the rights of their technologies to NIF signed agreement with it. In total NIF acquired the rights of seventy one technologies (including thirty nine plant varieties) at the cost of Rs twenty seven lakh seventy five thousand. Plans are being chalked out for social diffusion/dissemination of these technologies in relevant pockets of the country. .

List of engineering technologies acquired under GTIAF
S.No. Innovator Technology
1 R Jayaseelan, Tamil Nadu Coconut husker
2 N. Sakthimainthan, Tamil Nadu Manually Operated Water Lifting Pump,Hand Operated Pump
3 Mathew V Mathew, Kerala Kerosene stove with gravity feed fuel tank and cylindrical wick
4 P J Abraham, Kerala Cardamom drying chamber
5 K. S. Sudheer, Kerala Side-stand Gear Lock System
6 Vikram Rathore, Andhra Pradesh Cycle pump
7 U Krishna, Andhra Pradesh Centrifugal Sprayer
8 Kanak Das, Assam Transmission of energy from shock absorber for smooth riding of bicycle on uneven road
9 Karunakant Nath, Assam Improved wood cutting machine
10 Mohammad Idris , Uttar Pradesh Automatic horse shaver
11 Prem Singh Saini, Haryana Telephone Operated Remote Switch
12 Madan Lal Kumawat , Rajasthan Improved hand pump
13 Radhey Shyam Sharma, Madhya pradesh Bullock operated sprayer
14 Gopal Malhari Bhise, Bicycle hoe
15 Subhash Jagtap, Maharashtra Sprayer
16 Mansukhbhai Jagani Bullet driven santi and sprayer
17 Arvind Patel, Gujarat Auto air kick pump for two wheelers & tongs
18 Khimjibhai Kanadia, Gujarat Nursery bag filler, sprayer, gum scrapper, etc
19 Mulubhai Senjaliya, Gujarat Sprayer
20 Gopal Bhai Suratiya, Gujarat Sprayer
21 Bhanjibhai Mathukiya, Gujarat Sprayer
22 Ganeshbhai Dodiya, Gujarat Sprayer
23 Pareshbhai Katurbhai Panchal, Gujarat Automatic String / Thread Winder
24 Vinod Gajjar, Gujarat Vatsal Tong
25 Narsimha Bhandari, Karnataka Arecanut Peeler
26 Nazeer Ahmad, Andhra Pradesh Pounded chilly sorter
27 Ranjeet Ghorai, West Bengal Parboiled paddy spreader
28 Yengkhom Maipakpi Devi W/o Late Mangi Singh, Manipur Kouna mat weaving machine
29 Guruaribam Bashuchandra Sharma, Manipur Direct silk reeling machine
30 R Ravi, Tamil Nadu Oil seed and parboiled rice spreader
31 Amandeep Singh, Rajasthan Solar laminator
32 Ashok Thakur, Bihar Portable stove fueled by paddy husk
33 Ramashankar Sharma, Bihar Modified hand-pump
34 Md. Rozadeen, Bihar Coffee Cooker
35 Maibam Deben Singh, Manipur Low cost fish dryer and stove
36 Md. Shaikh Jabbar, Maharashtra Variable gear system for cycle rickshaw
List of farmers' variety/ varieties acquired under GTIAF
S.No. Innovator Variety/Varieties Crop
1 Dadaji Ramaji Khobragade, Chandrapur, Maharashtra Improved varieties of Paddy - DRK & HMT Paddy
2 Sabu Varghese, Idukki, Kerala Improved cardamom variety- "Wonder Cardamom" Cardamom
3 Mahaveer Singh Arya, Churu, Rajasthan Improved Wheat variety- Mahavir Kisan Vardan and MK Kranti Wheat
Improved Mustard variety- "Mahavir Kisan Harsh and Mahavir Kisan Sunhari" Mustard
4 Jagdish Pareekh, Sikar, Rajasthan "Ajitgarh Selection" New Cauliflower Variety Cauliflower
5 Thakarshibahi Savaliya, Junagadh, Gujarat Improved and high yielding groundnut variety- "Moralo" Groundnut
6 Devaramji Gadhwal, Sikar, Rajasthan Improved variety of Bajra "DR 1" Pearl Millet
7 Dhirajlal Thummar, Amreli, Gujarat Wilt resistant Groundnut variety -'Dhiraj 101 or DVT 1' Groundnut
8 Rajkumar Rathore, Sehore, Madhya Pradesh High yielding, perennial variety of pigeon pea "Richa 2000" Pigeon pea
9 Prakash Singh Raghuvanshi, Varanshi, Uttar Pradesh mproved and high yielding varieties of paddy "Kudrat 1, Kudrat 2 and Lal Basmati" Paddy
Improved and high yielding wheat varieties Kudrat 9, Kudrat 7, Kudrat 11 and Kudrat 17 Wheat
Improved pigeon pea varieties "Kudrat 3, Chamatkar" Pigeon pea
Improved varieties of Mustard "Kudrat Vandana, Geeta and Soni" Mustard
10 Manaram Chaudhary, Rajasthan Improved onion variety- 'Rashidpura selection' Onion
11 Late Joy A S, Thrissur (Trichur), Kerala Improved variety of white-gourd having resistance against viral disease White gourd
12 Joy Peter, Idukki, Kerala Improved cardamom variety - Panikulangara Cardamom
13 K T Varghese, Idukki, Kerala High yielding wilt resistant variety of pepper Pepper
14 K J Baby, Idukki, Kerala Improved white flowered cardamom Cardamom
15 P N Surulivel, Kerala 'PNS-Vaigai' - a drought resistant cardamom variety Cardamom
16 Late Indrasan Singh (Bhram Prakash Singh) "Indrasan"- An improved paddy variety Paddy
17 Late Sriram G Lanjewar Improved variety of paddy- Jaishriram Paddy
18 C. Rajendran Iimproved paddy variety Paddy
19 Laljibhai Murani Adarsh-New sesamum variety Sesamum
20 Dhulabhai Punjabhai Patel GDP 1- An improved pigeon pea variety Pigeon pea
21 Solanki Bhikhaji Kaluji Improved pigeon pea variety Pigeon pea
22 Gangaram Kir (Community representative) Traditional variety of Tinda (Round guard) Round guard
23 Anthony Samy Improved acid lime variety Acid lime

Open Source Technologies

S.No Innovation Title Innovators Name Category
1. Panihari - a head Load reducing device Khimjibhai Kanadia Engineering
2. Check Dam Bhanjibhai Mathukia Engineering
3. Ericulture Sashikant Shukla Engineering
4. Kittanal Khimjibhai Kandia Engineering
5. Pulley Amrutbhai Agrawat Engineering
6. Gum Scrapper Khimjibhai Kanadia Engineering
7 Jalpari Madhav Sawat Engineering
8. Tractor Drawn Onion Transplanter Pandharinath Sarjerao More Engineering
9. Innovative Tong Arvindbhai Patel Engineering
10 Value addition to TK for pest control in paddy K. D. Kharkongor Agriculture
Multilanguage Medicinal Plant Database
Innovations and Practices Published in Honey Bee Journal

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