As per the prioritization advised by Scouting and Documentation section, VARD section technically scrutinizes innovations (accepted category) to ascertain the novelty in each outstanding herbal practices. VARD section conducts a brainstorming session with the internal value chain members from IPR and BD division. Members from internal regional offices/units are also involved during technical assessment of outstanding herbal practices that are potential for improvement and value addition are identified. A prior art search is conducted followed by market analysis through field visits, focus group discussions and consultation with market leaders, entrepreneurs in industrial clusters etc. Outstanding herbal practices are also either tested in leading laboratories or their efficacy is tested through preclinical trials, on-farm trials or in field-testing and clinical evaluation.

On completion of the primary assessment, the outstanding herbal practices are placed before the Research Advisory Committee (RAC) for their expert advice. Formulation & product development support is given in many cases where prima facie case appears to be strong even before these technologies are put up to RAC.


Key tasks performed by the Value Addition Research and Development team with the ultimate objective of commercialization through new business models are:

a) Coordination with public and private sector R & D institutions, academic institutions, private associations and industry clusters

b) Formulation of strategies, undertaking detailed product planning and development activities.

c) Creation of a contractual value chain through either benefit sharing or through an up-front fee as suitable in the specific context.

d) Standardization and establishment of scientific protocols for assessment of herbal technologies, product development activities for various ailments affecting human health and livestock

e) Recommendation of domain expert members for Research Advisory Committee (RAC) to scrutinize the innovations for their novelty value, cost effectiveness, social impact etc. Further the process of incubation is tracked through an Incubation Advisory Committee so as to increase the probability of commercial success of the innovations or traditional knowledge.


No Title Innovator/Community Concerned Laboratory/Institution Sanctioned Date Duration/Remarks


No Title Innovator/Community Concerned Laboratory/Institution Sanctioned Date Duration/Remarks


Sr. Innovator's Name/ Community Innovation Title State From Application Number Priority Date Current Status Filed Through Date Of Grant


Sr. Innovator's Name/ Community Innovation Title State From Application Number Priority Date Current Status Filed Through Date Of Grant


Sharma, P., Ravikumar, R. K. (2024). Herbal pharmaceutical patent protection: Illustrative evidence on prosecution stages and section 3 [d] implication of Indian Patent Act. AYU (An International Quarterly Journal of Research in Ayurveda), 45(1), 56-62.

Sharma, P., Rajeshwari, R., Agarwal, P., Ravikumar, R. K. (2023). Trends in herbal pharmaceutical patent protection for Dairy industry: Perspective from Grassroots innovations. Indian Journal of Dairy Science, 76(5), 505-510.

Sharma, P., Rajeshwari, R., Agarwal, P., Ravikumar, R. K. (2022). Management and Control practices adopted by Dairy Farmers against Bovine Ticks in Hills of Himachal Pradesh, India. Indian Journal of Dairy Science.

Kataviya, K. B., Parmar, B., Patel, R., Das, P. J., Kumar, V., Mahajan, A., Singh, R., ... (2018). Improvising livestock service in hilly regions through indigenous wisdom towards control of tick infestation: Institutional relationships. Veterinary World, 11(5), 687.

Maurya, N., & Ravikumar, R. K. (2017). Complementing livestock health service through indigenous system: Case studies from West Khasi Hills of Meghalaya, India. International Journal of Livestock Research, 7(10), 254-260.

Sharma, P., Ravikumar, R. K., Ksheersagar, V. H., Kumar, V., (2017). Social construction of technology: An illustrative model for scaling up experimental wisdom of community in livestock welfare. Ruminant Science, 6(1), 119-123.

Ravikumar, R. K., Thakur, D., Choudhary, H., Kumar, V., Kinhekar, A. S., Garg, T., ... (2017). Social engineering of societal knowledge in livestock science: Can we be more empathetic? Veterinary World, 10(1), 86.

Munda, S., Pandey, R., Bhojne, G. R., Dakshinkar, N. P., Kinhekar, A. S., Kumar, V., ... (2016). Indigenous Knowledge Research System (IKRS) for treatment of bloat and its significance towards greenhouse gas emission: Jharkhand, India. Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 4(5), 241-249.

Ravikumar, R. K., Dutta, L., Kinhekar, A. S., Kumar, V., (2016). People's knowledge for addressing societal needs: Lessons learnt while engaging farming communities as a part of research system. Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 4(1s), 1-8.

Ravikumar, R. K., Periyaveeturaman, C., Selvaraju, D., Kinhekar, A. S., Dutta, L., Kumar, V., (2016). Community oriented ectoparasite intervention system: Concepts for on-farm application of indigenous veterinary medication. Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 4(1s), 9-19.

Ravikumar, R. K., Kumar, V., Choudhary, H., Kinhekar, A. S., Kumar, V., (2015). Efficacy of indigenous polyherbal ectoparasiticide formulation against hard tick infestation in cattle (Bos indicus). Ruminant Science, 4(1), 43-47.

Devgania, B. S., Khordia, D., Chodvadiya, M. B., Patel, R., Patel, D., Kinhekar, A. S., ... (2015). Reverence of community towards grassroot livestock innovation: Responding to stakeholders' need against sub-clinical mastitis in Amreli District, Gujarat, India. Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 3(12), 689-693.

Kadivendi, M., Maheswari, R., Ravikumar, R. K., Chauhan, M. M., Kinhekar, A. S., ... (2015). Integrated approach for engaging farming community-Opportunities and challenges for low-cost inputs. International Journal of Agricultural Innovations and Research, 3(6), 1691-1695.

Ravikumar, R. K., Chander, M. (2011). Livestock extension education activities of the State Departments of Animal Husbandry (SDAH) in India: A case of Tamil Nadu state. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 81(7), 757-762.

Chander, M., Datt, T., Ravikumar, R. K., & Subrahmanyeswari, B. (2010). Livestock technology transfer service in India: A review. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 80(11), 1115-1125.

Ravikumar, R. K., Mahesh, C. (2006). Extension educational efforts by state department of animal husbandry (SDAH), Tamil Nadu: SWOT analysis. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 18(9).